editing disabled
EPPL604-Autism-and-creativity

Recent Changes

Saturday, March 12

  1. page References edited ... Barrett, R.A. (1984). Culture and conduct: An excursion in anthropology. Belmont, CA: Wadswort…
    ...
    Barrett, R.A. (1984). Culture and conduct: An excursion in anthropology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
    Bagatell, N. (2010). From cure to community : Transforming notions of autism. Ethos, 38(1), 33-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1548-1352.2009.01080.x.34.
    Davidson, J. (2008). Autistic culture online: Virtual communication and cultural expression on the spectrum. Social & Cultural Geography, 9, 791-806.
    Dolnick, E. (1993). Deafness and culture. Atlantic, 272(3), 37-53.
    Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books, Inc.
    (view changes)
    1:14 pm
  2. page Autism as Culture edited Autism as culture. "Culture has been defined in a number of ways, but most simply, as the lea…
    Autism as culture.
    "Culture has been defined in a number of ways, but most simply, as the learned and shared behavior of a community of interacting human beings" (Useem & Useem, 1963, p. 169). Or, "the body of learned beliefs, traditions, and guides for behavior that are shared among members of any human society" (Barrett, 1984). Each culture has its own norms that are a unique collection of traits. Culture is to a group of people what personality is to an individual. Cultural traits originate in individuals, who create them to meet some need. However, traits do not become elements of a culture until they are adopted by a large number of the members of a group and passed on to future generations (Parks, 2003). Usually the term culture is associated with racial, ethnic, or regional groups, however, people with autism spectrum disorders come from many different races, ethnicities and regions. Do autistics have a unique culture? Can a group of people with a common condition constitute a culture?
    ...
    unique Deaf culture.culture (Dolnick 1993). The origins
    Similarly, autistics have unique learned and shared behaviors. For example, many autistics have extreme sensory sensitivities and have developed coping behaviors to manage their responses to the environment. These behaviors include rocking and hand-flapping, which seen as valuable to autistics. However, to neurotypicals, or those that do not have autism spectrum disorder, these coping behaviors are viewed as highly undesirable (Bagatelle, 2010). The recent surge in electronic communications via the internet has led to the formation of autistic social groups, like the deaf, autistics prefer to communicate and congregate with their own kind. Many autistics describe autism as an inseparable part of themselves; it defines them. The nature of social interactions is defined differently in autistic culture. Proximity to others constitutes socializing; conversation is not needed. Small talk and eye contact are not important in communication. These cultural traits are typical of what neurotypicals view as undesirable ASD behaviors that should be extinguished. Looking at autism as a culture brings into question whether autism is a disorder to be cured or just another way of living.
    (view changes)
    1:12 pm
  3. page References edited ... Barrett, R.A. (1984). Culture and conduct: An excursion in anthropology. Belmont, CA: Wadswort…
    ...
    Barrett, R.A. (1984). Culture and conduct: An excursion in anthropology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
    Bagatell, N. (2010). From cure to community : Transforming notions of autism. Ethos, 38(1), 33-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1548-1352.2009.01080.x.34.
    Dolnick, E. (1993). Deafness and culture. Atlantic, 272(3), 37-53.
    Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books, Inc.
    Levy, N. (2002). Deafness, culture, and choice. Journal of Medical Ethics, 28, 284-5.
    MSM Productions, Ltd. (2011). Deaf culture. Retrieved on March 11, 2011 from http://www.deafculture.com.
    Park, R.E. (2003). The problem of cultural differences (pp. 140-149). Culture: Critical concepts in sociology. C. Jenks, Ed. New York, NY: Routledge.
    (view changes)
    1:10 pm
  4. page Autism as Culture edited Autism as culture. "Culture has been defined in a number of ways, but most simply, as the lea…
    Autism as culture.
    "Culture has been defined in a number of ways, but most simply, as the learned and shared behavior of a community of interacting human beings" (Useem & Useem, 1963, p. 169). Or, "the body of learned beliefs, traditions, and guides for behavior that are shared among members of any human society" (Barrett, 1984). Each culture has its own norms that are a unique collection of traits. Culture is to a group of people what personality is to an individual. Cultural traits originate in individuals, who create them to meet some need. However, traits do not become elements of a culture until they are adopted by a large number of the members of a group and passed on to future generations (Parks, 2003). Usually the term culture is associated with racial, ethnic, or regional groups, however, people with autism spectrum disorders come from many different races, ethnicities and regions. Do autistics have a unique culture? Can a group of people with a common condition constitute a culture?
    ...
    culture to deafDeaf culture. Deaf with a captial d is reserved for deaf culture, deaf with small d refers to the audiological condition of not hearing. Like autistics,
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    a unique deafDeaf culture. The
    ...
    of the deafDeaf culture is
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    psychosocial - deafDeaf people prefer
    ...
    kind. The deafDeaf have their
    ...
    customs, but deafDeaf culture does
    ...
    they define deafDeaf culture. Customs
    ...
    unique to deafDeaf culture and
    ...
    necessary for deafDeaf communications but
    ...
    culture. Interestingly, deafDeaf schools serve
    ...
    to transmit deafDeaf culture since most deafDeaf children have
    ...
    Although the deafDeaf may outwardly appear to
    ...
    uniqueness of deafDeaf culture is
    Similarly, autistics have unique learned and shared behaviors. For example, many autistics have extreme sensory sensitivities and have developed coping behaviors to manage their responses to the environment. These behaviors include rocking and hand-flapping, which seen as valuable to autistics. However, to neurotypicals, or those that do not have autism spectrum disorder, these coping behaviors are viewed as highly undesirable (Bagatelle, 2010). The recent surge in electronic communications via the internet has led to the formation of autistic social groups, like the deaf, autistics prefer to communicate and congregate with their own kind. Many autistics describe autism as an inseparable part of themselves; it defines them. The nature of social interactions is defined differently in autistic culture. Proximity to others constitutes socializing; conversation is not needed. Small talk and eye contact are not important in communication. These cultural traits are typical of what neurotypicals view as undesirable ASD behaviors that should be extinguished. Looking at autism as a culture brings into question whether autism is a disorder to be cured or just another way of living.
    (view changes)
    1:07 pm
  5. page References edited ... MSM Productions, Ltd. (2011). Deaf culture. Retrieved on March 11, 2011 from http://www.deafcu…
    ...
    MSM Productions, Ltd. (2011). Deaf culture. Retrieved on March 11, 2011 from http://www.deafculture.com.
    Park, R.E. (2003). The problem of cultural differences (pp. 140-149). Culture: Critical concepts in sociology. C. Jenks, Ed. New York, NY: Routledge.
    Stokoe, W.C., Casterline, D.C., & Croneberg, D.G. (1976). A dictionary of American Sign Language: On linguistic principles. Linstock Press.
    Useem, J., & Useem, R. (1963). Human Organizations, 22(3).
    (view changes)
    12:52 pm
  6. page Autism as Culture edited Autism as culture. ... a unique culture? Can a group of people with a common condition constitu…
    Autism as culture.
    ...
    a unique culture? Can a group of people with a common condition constitute a culture?
    Some
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    culture to gay or deaf culture.
    ...
    that there areis a unique cultures for each of these groups.deaf culture. The origins of these cultural bases arethe deaf culture is largely psychosocial
    ...
    from the majorityhearing culture tothat they define deaf
    ...
    for deaf communications.communications but are frowned upon in hearing culture. Deaf folklore
    ...
    hearing culture. DeafInterestingly, deaf schools serve
    ...
    start communicating the uniqueness of deaf culture is apparent. (http://www.deafculture.com/).
    Similarly,
    ...
    manage their reactionsresponses to the
    ...
    and hand-flapping, thatwhich seen as
    ...
    (Bagatelle, 2010). The recent surge in electronic communications via the internet has led to the formation of autistic social groups, like the deaf, autistics prefer to communicate and congregate with their own kind. Many autistics
    ...
    view as undesirable ASD behaviors
    ...
    be extinguished. This new view ofLooking at autism as
    (view changes)
    12:48 pm
  7. page Autism as Culture edited Autism as culture. "Culture has been defined in a number of ways, but most simply, as the lea…
    Autism as culture.
    "Culture has been defined in a number of ways, but most simply, as the learned and shared behavior of a community of interacting human beings" (Useem & Useem, 1963, p. 169). Or, "the body of learned beliefs, traditions, and guides for behavior that are shared among members of any human society" (Barrett, 1984). Each culture has its own norms that are a unique collection of traits. Culture is to a group of people what personality is to an individual. Cultural traits originate in individuals, who create them to meet some need. However, traits do not become elements of a culture until they are adopted by a large number of the members of a group and passed on to future generations (Parks, 2003). Usually the term culture is associated with racial, ethnic, or regional groups, however, people with autism spectrum disorders come from many different races, ethnicities and regions. Do autistics have a unique culture?
    ...
    hearing culture. Staring and touching are necessary for deaf communications. Deaf folklore
    ...
    Sign Language (ASL).(ASL) which requires much facial expression and body movement that are generally looked upon as strange in hearing culture. Deaf schools
    Similarly, autistics have unique learned and shared behaviors. For example, many autistics have extreme sensory sensitivities and have developed coping behaviors to manage their reactions to the environment. These behaviors include rocking and hand-flapping, that seen as valuable to autistics. However, to neurotypicals, or those that do not have autism spectrum disorder, these coping behaviors are viewed as highly undesirable (Bagatelle, 2010). Many autistics describe autism as an inseparable part of themselves; it defines them. The nature of social interactions is defined differently in autistic culture. Proximity to others constitutes socializing; conversation is not needed. Small talk and eye contact are not important in communication. These cultural traits are typical of what neurotypicals view as ASD behaviors that should be extinguished. This new view of autism as a culture brings into question whether autism is a disorder to be cured or just another way of living.
    (view changes)
    12:09 pm
  8. page References edited ... Bagatell, N. (2010). From cure to community : Transforming notions of autism. Ethos, 38(1), 33…
    ...
    Bagatell, N. (2010). From cure to community : Transforming notions of autism. Ethos, 38(1), 33-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1548-1352.2009.01080.x.34.
    Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books, Inc.
    MSM Productions, Ltd. (2011). Deaf culture. Retrieved on March 11, 2011 from http://www.deafculture.com.
    Park, R.E. (2003). The problem of cultural differences (pp. 140-149). Culture: Critical concepts in sociology. C. Jenks, Ed. New York, NY: Routledge.
    Useem, J., & Useem, R. (1963). Human Organizations, 22(3).
    (view changes)
    12:05 pm
  9. page Autism as Culture edited What constitutes a culture? Autism as culture. "Culture has been defined in a number of w…
    What constitutes a culture? Autism as culture.
    "Culture has been defined in a number of ways, but most simply, as the learned and shared behavior of a community of interacting human beings" (Useem & Useem, 1963, p. 169). Or, "the body of learned beliefs, traditions, and guides for behavior that are shared among members of any human society" (Barrett, 1984). Each culture has its own norms that are a unique collection of traits. Culture is to a group of people what personality is to an individual. Cultural traits originate in individuals, who create them to meet some need. However, traits do not become elements of a culture until they are adopted by a large number of the members of a group and passed on to future generations (Parks, 2003). Usually the term culture is associated with racial, ethnic, or regional groups, however, people with autism spectrum disorders come from many different races, ethnicities and regions. Do autistics have a unique culture?
    Some authors have compared autistic culture to gay or deaf culture. Like autistics, members from these groups are diverse in race and ethnicity. Nonetheless, it has become widely accepted that there are unique cultures for each of these groups. The origins of these cultural bases are largely psychosocial - deaf people prefer to communicate and congregate with their own kind. The deaf have their own language and customs, but deaf culture does not have all of the elements of other more mainstream cultures such as distinct dress, religious customs or cuisine. The language and customs are so distinct from the majority culture to define deaf culture. Customs related to eye-contact and touching are unique to deaf culture and are regarded as awkward or inappropriate in hearing culture. Deaf folklore is based on American Sign Language (ASL). Deaf schools serve as the medium to transmit deaf culture since most deaf children have hearing parents. Although the deaf may appear to be part of American culture, once they start communicating (http://www.deafculture.com/).
    (view changes)
    12:00 pm
  10. page Autism as Culture edited What constitutes a culture? ... (Barrett, 1984). A Each culture is made up of has its own …
    What constitutes a culture?
    ...
    (Barrett, 1984). AEach culture is made up ofhas its own norms that are a unique
    ...
    of traits. Traits come fromCulture is to a group of people what personality is to an individual. Cultural traits originate in individuals, who
    ...
    (Parks, 2003). SomeUsually the term culture is associated with racial, ethnic, or regional groups, however, people with autism spectrum disorders come from many different races, ethnicities and regions. Do autistics have a unique culture?
    Some authors
    have compared
    ...
    deaf culture. AutisticsLike autistics, members from these groups are diverse in race and ethnicity. Nonetheless, it has become widely accepted that there are unique cultures for each of these groups. The origins of these cultural bases are largely psychosocial - deaf people prefer to communicate and congregate with their own kind. The deaf have their own language and customs, but deaf culture does not have all of the elements of other more mainstream cultures such as distinct dress, religious customs or cuisine. The language and customs are so distinct from the majority culture to define deaf culture. Customs related to eye-contact and touching are unique to deaf culture and are regarded as awkward or inappropriate in hearing culture. Deaf folklore is based on American Sign Language (ASL). Deaf schools serve as the medium to transmit deaf culture since most deaf children have hearing parents. Although the deaf may appear to be part of American culture, once they start communicating (http://www.deafculture.com/).
    Similarly, autistics
    have unique
    ...
    neurotypicals view as ASD behaviors
    (view changes)
    12:00 pm

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